# Range, efficiency, charging comparison: Standard Range LFP v pre Heat Pump Long Range Tesla Model 3

### Summary

TLDRIn this video, Richard compares the efficiency and real-world range of two Tesla Model 3s: a 2019 long-range version and a 2022 standard range with a heat pump and LFP battery. They test both cars in cold, damp UK weather to see if the newer standard range can match the long-range model's performance. The test includes a 170-mile journey and a charging speed comparison, revealing the surprising efficiency of the standard range car despite its smaller battery.

### Takeaways

- ๐ The video compares the real-world range difference between a pre-heat pump Tesla Model 3 Long Range and a post-2021 heat pump Standard Range.
- ๐ The Long Range model has a dual motor, bigger battery, and 4-wheel drive, while the Standard Range model is noted for its efficiency with a 60 kWh LFP battery.
- ๐ The test involves charging the cars to their recommended daily limits (90% for the Long Range and 100% for the Standard Range) and then driving them in cold, damp weather to assess efficiency.
- ๐ก๏ธ The video highlights the impact of cold weather on the cars' efficiency and battery conditioning, with the Standard Range model showing better efficiency despite the weather conditions.
- โก The charging process is also compared, with the Standard Range model charging slightly quicker due to its smaller battery size, despite starting with a lower state of charge.
- ๐ฃ๏ธ The journey covered is approximately 170 miles, and the cars' efficiency is measured throughout the trip, with the Standard Range model outperforming the Long Range model in this test.
- ๐ Preconditioning of the battery is used to warm it up for optimal performance, with the Long Range model using more energy for this process during the journey.
- ๐ The video provides detailed efficiency data, showing that the Standard Range model has a significantly lower energy consumption per mile compared to the Long Range model.
- ๐ง The test acknowledges that the Long Range model's 19-inch Sport Wheels may have reduced its efficiency compared to the 18-inch Aero Wheels on the Standard Range model.
- ๐ The video also notes an oversight where Sentry Mode was left on in one of the cars overnight, resulting in a 6% battery loss, but this is accounted for in the efficiency calculations.
- ๐ In conclusion, the video finds that the Standard Range model is more efficient and can travel just as far for the same battery percentage, despite having a slower recharging speed.

### Q & A

### What is the main purpose of the video?

-The main purpose of the video is to compare the real-world range and efficiency differences between a Tesla Model 3 Long Range and a Tesla Model 3 Standard Range with a heat pump and LFP battery.

### What are the key differences between the two Tesla Model 3s being compared in the video?

-The key differences include the presence of a heat pump and LFP battery in the Standard Range model, the Long Range model having a dual motor, a larger battery, and 4-wheel drive capabilities.

### What is the significance of the heat pump and LFP battery in the newer Tesla Model 3s?

-The heat pump and LFP (Lithium Iron Phosphate) battery are significant as they contribute to increased efficiency and potentially longer range in the newer Tesla Model 3s.

### What was the plan for testing the efficiency of the two Tesla Model 3s?

-The plan was to charge both cars to their recommended daily charge limits, drive them in cold and damp weather conditions, and compare their efficiency over a journey of approximately 170 miles.

### Why was preconditioning turned off during part of the journey?

-Preconditioning was turned off to prevent the use of additional battery power for the entire journey, allowing for a more accurate comparison of the cars' efficiency without the extra energy consumption from preconditioning.

### What was the impact of Sentry mode on the battery percentage overnight?

-The Sentry mode was left on by mistake, causing a 6% loss in battery percentage overnight due to the car's systems being active.

### How did the weather conditions affect the efficiency of the Tesla Model 3s during the test?

-The cold, damp, and wet weather conditions required increased climate control activity, which cost 0.9% of the trip's energy, affecting the overall efficiency of both cars.

### What was the difference in efficiency between the two Tesla Model 3s after the test?

-The Standard Range Tesla Model 3 showed better efficiency with 314 W hours per mile compared to the Long Range model's 340 W hours per mile.

### How did the charging speeds of the two Tesla Model 3s compare after the test?

-Although the Long Range model started charging at a higher rate, the Standard Range model charged quicker overall due to its smaller battery size and less energy consumption.

### What additional insights are provided about the Tesla Model 3s in the video?

-The video provides insights into the cars' efficiency in real-world conditions, the impact of different features like the heat pump and Sentry mode, and the comparison of charging speeds and efficiencies between the two models.

### Outlines

### ๐ Tesla Model 3 Range Test Introduction

In this video, Richard introduces a comparative test between two Tesla Model 3s: a pre-heat pump long-range model and a post-2021 standard range with a heat pump and LFP battery. The goal is to determine the real-world range difference between the two models, especially considering the efficiency improvements in the newer standard range. Richard explains the test plan, which includes charging the cars to their recommended limits, driving them in cold and wet weather, and comparing their efficiency over a 170-mile journey. He also mentions that the long-range model has a dual motor, larger battery, and 4-wheel drive, while the standard range model is more efficient with its 60 kWh LFP battery. The actual test will be conducted by Gins and Serge, with the results to be shared in the following video.

### ๐ฆ Real-World Efficiency Comparison of Tesla Model 3s

This paragraph details the ongoing efficiency comparison test between the Tesla Model 3 long-range and standard range cars. The narrator discusses the cars' preconditioning, which uses additional energy and affects efficiency. The test involves driving 50 miles and checking the battery percentage and efficiency of both cars. The standard range car, driven by the narrator, shows better efficiency with 71% battery left and an average of 250 Wh/mile, compared to the long-range car with 64% battery left and an efficiency of 379 Wh/mile. The narrator also notes the impact of cold weather on energy consumption, with the car's systems using extra power for climate control, tire drag, and battery conditioning. The test continues with the preconditioning turned on and off at different points to see its effect on efficiency and range.

### ๐ Charging Speed and Efficiency Conclusion

The final paragraph wraps up the Tesla Model 3 range and efficiency test. After completing the journey, the narrator compares the efficiency and charging speeds of both cars. The standard range car, despite having a smaller battery, charges quicker due to less energy consumption. The long-range car, with its larger battery and 19-inch sport wheels, has lower efficiency but still offers benefits like faster speed and acceleration boost. The narrator emphasizes the impressive efficiency of the standard range model and its ability to travel the same distance as the long-range model for the same battery percentage. The video concludes with a discussion about the advantages of the long-range model and a teaser for the next video, which will feature a Tesla Model 3 Performance with over 100,000 miles on its odometer.

### Mindmap

### Keywords

### ๐กTesla Model 3

### ๐กUsed Car Market

### ๐กLong Range

### ๐กStandard Range

### ๐กHeat Pump

### ๐กLFP Battery

### ๐กReal World Range

### ๐กEfficiency

### ๐กPreconditioning

### ๐กSentry Mode

### ๐กCharging Speed

### Highlights

Comparison of two Tesla Model 3s: Long Range vs. Standard Range with heat pump and LFP battery.

Used car market prices for Tesla Model 3s in the mid to upper 20s.

Real-world range test between preheat pump Long Range and heat pump Standard Range Tesla Model 3s.

Long Range model features dual motor, bigger battery, and 4-wheel drive.

Post-2021 Standard Range models are noted for their efficiency with a 60 kWh LFP battery.

Daily recommended charging limit of 90% for the Long Range and 100% for the Standard Range.

Weather conditions impact on efficiency: cold, damp, and wet.

Sentry mode left on accidentally, resulting in a 6% battery loss overnight.

Efficiency comparison during a 170-mile journey.

Preconditioning battery for optimal temperature during the drive.

Difference in efficiency between the two models: 250 Wh/mile for Standard Range vs. 379 Wh/mile for Long Range.

Charging speed comparison: Standard Range charges quicker due to smaller battery size.

Final efficiency data for both models after the journey.

Discussion on the practicality of Long Range vs. Standard Range for used car buyers.

The impact of 19-inch Sport Wheels on the Long Range model's efficiency.

Upcoming video on a Tesla Model 3 Performance with over 100,000 miles.

### Transcripts

Hello everybody welcome my name is

Richard and in this video I want to

compare two Tesla Model 3s so on the

used car market obviously prices vary

but now even in the mid 20s and upper

20s you see Tesla Model 3 long ranges

like this one here and you see the later

standard ranges so this when I say later

I mean the post 2021 the ones with a

heat pump and lfp battery and I want to

see what the real world range difference

is between the two so a preheat pump

long range and a heat pump standard

range is there going to be that much

difference between them now obviously

the long range is dual motor it does

have a bigger battery is faster as well

and it's 4-wheel drive but these later

ones are really efficient with a 60 K

lfp battery in this one you charge it to

100% every day if you want to and

they're so efficient that I don't think

the real world range is too far off so

in this video we're going to do a test

and find out now I'm not available

tomorrow but Gins behind the camera

there and our colleague Serge you in

know both different videos before are

going to be taking these cars down to

colal to do a comparison in the real

world So the plan is uh we're actually

going to charge these cars up now this

one has a a daily recommended charging

limit 90% so we charge it at 90% 100%

charge limit on this one uh which is

recommended daily so this would be 100%

charge they're going to leave here at

those states of charge they're going to

be going home tonight and tomorrow

morning from a cold start and we've got

some terrible weather at the moment it's

not especially freezing but it's cold

and damp and wet and horrible uh as

anyone in the UK in the beginning of

January will know and see how their

efficiency Compares as they drive down

on a journey kind of 170 odd miles

tomorrow how much of the battery

percentage will they use and what will

their efficiency be that's what we're

going to find out so I'll leave you from

here that's the introduction it's going

to be over to ginson searge to let you

know some of the details how they get on

tomorrow and the difference between the

2022 standard range 60 K hour lfp and

the 20 19 model 3 long range one thing I

will just highlight before I leave is

that our model 3 this is gray it's one

of our cars been a l of videos um he's

on a 19-in sport wheel so they're

probably going to be a little bit less

efficient than the 18-in arrows on this

car so we're going to make a little bit

of an allowance for Graham for that but

earli car without the the heat pump from

a cold start tomorrow let's see exactly

what the efficiency difference is and

how much difference there is in the

worldwood range right here we go um it's

7:36 in the morning me and s s just

there so we just entered the first stop

which is going to be supercharger at

lifting so my car thinks we can drive

there with 29% and what about you Serge

18% so he's in Long Range I'm in a

standard range and the cars are actually

saying they're preconditioning now both

of them mine and surges so we're going

to let them uh do whatever they want to

do and see how it pans out 2 hours 45

minutes 123 mil to go and serge just

told me there's going to be storm coming

up our way storm hang cool off we go

[Music]

and just a quick thing forgot to say I'm

going to start at 89% of battery from

the location we just met and ser is

going to start at 82 so while we're

stuck in the traffic 8:00 in the morning

perfect we were just looking at the map

and seeing what the car is doing um

regarding just precond conditioning and

navigation of supercharger as I said

earlier video we're navigating to lift

and supercharger and my car thought we

going to ride over 29 % and my car

started preconditioning straight away

and it was doing so for for the journey

until now which is about 15 20 minutes

and I'm like well that's bit weird like

it's 2 and a half hour journey and it's

already preconditioning using low

battery and I went to this a new energy

screen and the car told me already use

2.1 miles from the trip extra to

precondition the battery and we'll do so

throughout the whole journey so what are

we going to do now is we're going to

switch off preconditioning the the total

Journey we have to do now until

supercharge is 120 Mi so we're going to

switch off preconditioning so we're

navigating there for 60 m without

preconditioning and then rest of the 60

Mi we're going to turn the pre

conditioning on so the battery can warm

up as much as it needs to so this is

what we can to do now a small thing

forgot to say regarding the battery

percentages is that we both took these

cars home and we supposed to switch off

the Sentry mode off and both of the cars

so s Sentry mode was off and I thought

my Sentry mode was off as well because I

didn't see the red light the red eye

thing whatever that's recording and I

was like cool that's off and when I got

this in a car this morning I was like oh

no it's on so unfortunately I forgot to

switch it off well I thought it switched

off but it wasn't so therefore the car

lost 6% of the battery overnight um

which is not brilliant uh but it's not

going to really change anything for us

because we're measuring efficiency

rather than the used battery percentage

and we we can compensate that adding

plus 6% to the battery and when we get

there so it's fine but the main thing

efficiency data will still be

[Music]

correct right so we both have covered 50

miles so let's check in so I got 71% of

battery left and my average is 250 W

hours per mile and I use 13 KW hours so

I've got

64% um I've used 17

KW and my efficiency is 379 W hours per

mile right so do you hear that so he

used 17 kilowatt hours I used 13 so

there's a difference and his efficiency

is much worse than mine so his car

thinks he's going to arrive at 30% to

our pin which is just next to the

liftting supercharger my car thinks it's

going to be

40% so there's a 10% difference so we

still have 85 miles to go uh in about 25

mil are we going to turn on the prec

conditioning as then just press the n

naate to supercharg and the car will

start pre pre conditioning if it needs

to so and then we'll compare data with

the pre conditioning as

[Music]

well and another thing I just went to

the energy screen and it says here

increased climate control activity air

Dr Tire drag and battery conditioning

due to cold weather cost 0.9% of this

trip so means what the car does is

actually still preconditioning battery

for the drive not for the charging

though so it's probably keeping optimal

temperature for the battery and cuz a

region actually came back now so I think

it's managing the optimal temperature

for the battery where all the regions

available and so you have no problems

with driving it uh but for the charging

I think it will struggle now so we have

4 miles left and we're going to turn

preconditioning on so we get 61 miles

left till supercharger uh let's do some

data now and then we'll turn on the

precond conditioning so let me have a

look autop pil is working nicely so

let's have a look so 76 M covered 18 KW

hours used 230 W hours per mile that is

efficient we'll put the calculations

here um 61% battery left so let's see

how SE doing uh I've got

53% uh left um used 24 KW so far and the

efficiency is

314 W hours per

mile so he used 24 KW hours so there's a

6 Kow difference as always Sun ranges

shows how efficient it is compared to

and even though the long range is very

efficient but this car is just in

another level okay let's turn on the

preconditioning for the Supercharger so

the serer car before preconditioning

would arrive with a or pin with 27% now

the return on the precond conditioning

is going to ride over with 19% minus 41

before 29 now

so again the battery uh sizes are

different but mine would use a bit more

more percent to warm up and as we think

lfp battery needs a bit more heat anyway

so but the moment I'm arriving with more

battery percentage than SE so let's

finish the journey and then compare

[Music]

efficiency so after about 43 mi into the

joury after we switched on the prec

conditioning pre conditioning has

stopped so the car is preconditioned in

my turn back on briefly before we arrive

to just to make sure the temperature up

up up to the standard but it looks like

the car's prec conditioned now and yeah

numbers have increased efficiency has

worsen a bit uh but we'll tell numbers

when we get there we'll compare to the

long range behind me right so we have

arrived let's have a look at the numbers

so since last charge which was yesterday

evening 1 38 Mi 36 kows used uh now the

average is

259 that's including pre conditioning

you can also have a look at this graph

so it used 4.4% for battery uh

preconditioning and they arrive at

28% cool let's have a look at the surg

stats okay so 130 M covered same as me

340 W hours per mile and as you can see

this car is not as as efficient as the

other one battery conditioning used much

more than me actually 8.2% used compared

to mine 4 something so these are the

numbers so let's plug the cars in and

see which charges quicker I think it's

going to be this one and he arrived here

with 18% I at 28% so 10% difference in

arrival Sun R ride with 28% about 72

miles left of range long range ride with

18% about 50 odd Ms left in a battery

but remember that started with 100% this

started with 90 but I also used 6%

overnight in tension mode they forgot to

switch off these V4 massive and I has

some light where is that where's some

screens or something yeah let's have a

look I don't think it says anything no

it doesn't turn off it's also raining I

think you need to jacket so we just

plugged in both cars let's see what they

do this is a standard range 45

KW

52 59 Serge what are you doing 25 all

right so s at 255 I'm at

126 Graham is charging always

ridiculously fast don't know why but

it's still rumping up let's see

143

144 okay it looks like this is where

it's going to stay 143

[Music]

142

[Applause]

so in 10 minutes I recharge back to 61%

added 19

Kow and same time in 10 so there's been

10 minutes and surges at

60% and how many kilow 20 30 Kow and

there we go so they actually took

they're the same now both at 60% and one

added less one added more that charges

quicker that charges slower but smaller

battery bigger battery so actually the

same thing so there we go so here we go

it just clicked 15 minutes over here I'm

at

73% 73% 26 K hours at it and serge is at

71 71% and

30 look at that that's actually charged

quicker than Graham interesting so that

was that that was a little interesting

trick trip and comparison between long

range 2019 and 2022 standard range as

you can see standard range is much more

efficient and it'll put all the data of

the pro router range and efficiency on

the table here and also interestingly

charging speed although that car was

charging much quicker at 250 straight

away as you plugin rumped up to 250

stayed there for a bit this was slowly

rumping up to 145 is and then went down

to 130 for stayed there for a bit and

then slight slightly uh decreased again

but overall actually charge quicker

because it has a smaller battery it use

less energy so therefore this actually

charged a couple minutes quicker than

the long range which is quite

interesting as well okay that was really

interesting I was really looking forward

to seeing that video myself so I hope

you have done as well um well done

Against The Surge for filming that good

work now I have to say from our long

range there our car we call Graham that

surge was driving that's about the worst

range of efficiency we've seen from that

car it was terrible weather that day and

again and I will reiterate we've got the

upgraded 19in Sport Wheels which would

have cost it some efficiency as well now

the efficiency of the newer long ranges

is better 2021 cars onwards had the heat

pumps and mein did film a day driving

around Wales with the older long range

and newer long range so we can show you

the differences of efficiency on that

video and I'll try and put a link in the

description below but from this one what

we've just taken away is that on used

Market you might be comparing these two

and actually the standard range goes

just as far for the same battery

percentage and actually though it has a

slower recharging speed recharg the same

number of miles in the same amount of

time in fact slightly better so that was

a really interesting aspect of that

video I thought now what's the pointed

by a long range well it is faster it is

forward drive you do have that potential

if you charge it 100% for some extra

range and it's fine to go to 100% as

long as you're going to use it so I

personally would I pick a long range

well I probably would actually because I

like that little bit of extra turn of

speed and you can do acceleration boost

so it's even faster but really

interesting comparison and amazing

efficiency from the standard range there

very interesting indeed so I hope you

found that interesting useful I

certainly did uh so make sure you hit

the like button make sure you subscribe

to our Channel if you're not already and

we'll be doing some more videos soon in

fact one of our next videos will be on

this model 3 Performance that we own and

run and this has got now over 100,000

miles it's been trouble free it's a

brilliant car and so we're going to do

some filming with that and how that's

held up over 100,000 miles what's the

battery health is like and that kind of

thing so we're going to be filming that

very soon make sure you subscribe to our

Channel we'll see you in the next one

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