English Essay: How to Write about ANY Essay Topic

E2 English
1 Feb 202217:08

Summary

TLDR本视频由Jay主讲,向观众介绍了一种适用于各种英语考试(如雅思、PTE、托福)和高中作文的高效英语作文结构。视频强调了回答问题的重要性,并详细解释了如何构建引言、正文段落和结论。通过具体例子,Jay展示了如何清晰地组织论点,使文章逻辑连贯、有说服力,最终帮助学生在英语写作中取得高分。

Takeaways

  • 🎯 写作目标:撰写高分英语论文的关键在于回答题目要求,确保内容满足论文要求。
  • 📝 结构化方法:使用通用的论文结构,适用于各种英语水平考试(如IELTS、PTE、TOEFL)及高中论文。
  • 📌 论文类型与问题提示:明确论文类型和问题提示,根据不同要求调整写作策略。
  • 📈 论文结构:掌握引言、正文段落和结论的写作技巧,确保论文逻辑连贯。
  • 📝 引言部分:引言应包含背景信息、重述问题提示和论文主旨声明三部分。
  • 🔍 规划要点:写作前进行快速规划,明确论文方向和主要观点,避免写作中不必要的修改。
  • 📝 正文段落:每个正文段落应包含主题句、支持原因或例子、进一步支持的理由或例子和总结句。
  • 📝 结论部分:结论应重述论文讨论的主要观点,并以个人观点作为结束。
  • 📈 逻辑与连贯性:确保论文的每个部分都紧密相连,逻辑清晰,避免偏离主题。
  • 📈 练习与应用:通过不断练习,掌握并应用论文结构,提高写作水平。
  • 📌 论文目的:论文的每个段落都有其特定目的,引言告知读者将要讨论的内容,正文详细阐述,结论回顾所讨论的内容。

Q & A

  • 视频的主要目的是什么?

    -视频的主要目的是向观众展示一种适用于各种英语考试和高中论文的高效且灵活的论文结构。

  • 为什么说回答问题是写作论文的首要任务?

    -回答问题是写作论文的首要任务,因为这是满足论文要求的关键。只有准确回应了题目所提出的问题,才能确保文章内容的相关性和准确性。

  • 论文的标准结构包含哪些部分?

    -标准的论文结构包含四个部分:引言(Introduction)、正文段落(Body Paragraphs)、结论(Conclusion)以及论文陈述(Thesis Statement)。

  • 如何理解每个段落的目的?

    -在引言中,告诉读者你将要告诉他们的内容;在正文段落中,详细阐述你的观点和论据;在结论中,总结你已经讲述的内容。这样的结构有助于保持文章的逻辑性和连贯性。

  • 在写作前为什么需要快速规划?

    -快速规划有助于明确文章的方向和结构,避免在写作过程中删除大量内容或浪费时间。通过规划,可以确保文章内容紧密围绕论文题目展开。

  • 如何构建一个有效的引言段落?

    -一个有效的引言段落应包含三个部分:一个广泛的背景陈述,用自己的话重述论文题目,以及一个明确的论文陈述(Thesis Statement)。

  • 正文段落的结构是怎样的?

    -正文段落的结构包含四个部分:主题句(Topic Sentence),支持主题句的原因或例子,进一步的原因或例子,以及对主要观点的总结句。

  • 结论段落的目的是什么?

    -结论段落的目的是重申文章的主要观点,并给出作者的个人意见,以实现文章的圆满结束。

  • 如何确保文章的逻辑性和连贯性?

    -通过确保每个部分都紧密围绕论文题目展开,并且在引言、正文和结论之间建立清晰的联系和呼应,可以确保文章的逻辑性和连贯性。

  • 为什么说论文结构是灵活的?

    -论文结构是灵活的,因为它可以适用于任何类型的论文和任何形式的问题提示。通过调整和应用这个结构,可以适应不同的情况和要求。

  • 视频中提到的论文结构有哪些优势?

    -视频中提到的论文结构的优势包括:简单易学、强大的逻辑性和连贯性、保持文章紧扣主题,以及有助于提高写作效率和得分。

Outlines

00:00

📝 论文写作指南:理解题目与结构

本段介绍了如何为高水平英语考试(如雅思、PTE、托福)或高中论文写作获得高分。主讲人Jay强调了回答问题的重要性,并提出了一种适用于任何类型论文或问题提示的强大且灵活的论文结构。他解释了论文的基本要求,即回答给定的问题,并简要介绍了论文结构的概览。

05:01

📑 引言部分:开篇布局

在这一部分中,Jay详细讲解了如何撰写三段式的引言部分。首先,需要写一个广泛的背景陈述来设定论文的背景;其次,用自己的话重述论文题目;最后,写出论文的主旨声明。他通过具体例子展示了如何应用这些步骤,并强调了引言部分在整篇论文中的重要性。

10:06

📈 主体段落:论述与支持

Jay在这一段中解释了主体段落的结构和目的。每个主体段落应包含四个基本部分:主题句、支持理由或例子、进一步的理由或例子以及对主要观点的总结。他通过具体例子详细说明了如何构建每个主体段落,并强调了与引言部分和论文题目的连贯性。

15:09

🔚 结论部分:总结与反思

在这最后一段中,Jay讲解了如何撰写结论部分,以反映引言部分并重申主体段落中提到的观点。结论部分应简洁明了,不添加新观点,而是重复之前所述内容。他还提到了在结论中表达个人意见的重要性,并以一个强有力的结论结束了整个视频脚本。

Mindmap

Keywords

💡英语论文

英语论文是指用英语撰写的文章,通常用于学术考试、课程作业或专业研究。在视频中,英语论文的结构和写作技巧被详细讨论,以帮助学习者在高级别英语考试如雅思、PTE或托福等中取得高分。

💡论文结构

论文结构是指撰写论文时遵循的组织框架,它决定了文章的逻辑性和条理性。视频中介绍了一种强大而灵活的论文结构,包括引言、正文段落和结论,旨在帮助学习者清晰地表达观点并保持文章的连贯性。

💡回答问题

回答问题是指在论文中直接针对给定的题目或提示进行讨论和分析,确保内容的相关性和准确性。视频中提到,写好论文的关键是准确回答问题,避免偏题或遗漏重要信息。

💡引言

引言是论文的开头部分,用于向读者介绍文章的主题和内容概要。一个好的引言能够吸引读者的注意力,并为整篇文章设定基调。视频中提到,引言应包含背景陈述、重述论文提示和论点陈述三部分。

💡正文段落

正文段落是论文的主体部分,用于详细阐述和支持引言中提出的论点或主题。每个正文段落通常包括一个主题句、原因或例子、进一步的原因或例子以及总结句。

💡结论

结论是论文的最后部分,用于总结文章的主要观点,并可能提供作者的个人看法或建议。结论应当与引言相呼应,重申文章的核心信息,而不是引入新的观点。

💡论点陈述

论点陈述是引言中的关键部分,明确告诉读者文章将要讨论或证明的观点。它是文章主题的具体表达,通常包括作者将要探讨或比较的主要想法。

💡主题句

主题句是正文段落的开头句,用于明确指出该段落的主要内容或论点。它为读者提供了一个清晰的方向,并指导他们理解段落的焦点。

💡规划

规划是指在开始写作前对文章的结构和内容进行预先思考和安排的过程。一个好的规划可以帮助作者保持文章的逻辑性和连贯性,避免在写作过程中进行大量修改。

💡连贯性

连贯性是指文章各部分之间逻辑上的紧密联系和流畅过渡,使得整篇文章读起来像一个统一的整体。在论文写作中,连贯性对于保持读者的兴趣和理解至关重要。

💡个人意见

个人意见是作者在文章或论文中表达的自己对于讨论主题的看法或立场。在结论部分,作者通常会提出个人意见,以增加文章的说服力和深度。

Highlights

本视频介绍了一种适用于各种英语水平考试(如雅思、PTE、托福)以及高中作文的万能论文结构。

论文写作的核心在于回答问题,这是满足论文要求的关键。

论文类型和问题提示是开始写作前需要了解的要素。

论文结构包括引言、正文段落和结论,每个部分都有其特定的目的。

引言部分应包含背景陈述、问题重述和论点陈述。

正文段落应围绕计划中的主要观点展开,每个观点一段。

结论部分应重申引言中的论点,并给出个人意见。

写作前应进行快速规划,以确保文章有明确的方向和结构。

论文结构的逻辑性和连贯性能帮助考生在考试中取得高分。

通过练习和掌握这种结构,考生可以在各种情况下有效地写作。

论文的每个部分都相互关联,保持文章的清晰和目的性。

教师和考官不喜欢缺乏目的的段落和文章。

论文写作不是写小说或诗歌,而是使用特定结构回答问题。

在引言中告诉读者你将要告诉他们的内容,在正文中告诉他们,在结论中告诉他们你告诉过他们的内容。

通过重述和总结主要观点,结论部分能够与引言和正文段落形成呼应。

视频提供了一个简单的例子,说明如何围绕租房的优缺点展开论文写作。

作者通过视频分享了如何写出连接引言、正文和结论的论文结构。

Transcripts

play00:00

Okay, so you need to write an English  essay. How do you get a high score? And  

play00:06

what do you write about? If you're asking  these questions, this is the video for you.

play00:19

Hi, my name is Jay and in this video, I'm  going to show you an essay structure that  

play00:23

you can use for high level English exams like  IELTS, or PTE or TOEFL, or even just for high  

play00:29

school essays. It works in any situation for any  essay type, or any question prompt. And speaking  

play00:37

of essay types and question prompts, we need to  start there. Essay types and question prompts.  

play00:45

So before I show you that unbelievable essay  structure, we first need to make sure that you  

play00:50

fulfil the requirements of the essay you're given.  And to do this, you need to do one thing and one  

play00:57

thing only. Answer the question. It sounds  simple, but people always seem to screw it up.  

play01:04

If I give you a question prompt like this one  that requires you to write a comparison essay  

play01:09

by providing advantages and disadvantages,  then just do that. In some countries,  

play01:16

most people prefer to rent their houses rather  than buy their houses. What are the advantages and  

play01:23

disadvantages of renting a home? Okay, now that we  have gotten that out of the way, we can move on to  

play01:30

a powerful and flexible essay structure that you  can use for any essay question. Just before we do,  

play01:36

click that subscribe button for excellent  English language videos each and every week.  

play01:41

The essay structure. The essay structure I want  to show you looks like this. This is the ultimate  

play01:50

essay structure. Trust me, it's perfectly  coherent and logical. And once you learn it,  

play01:56

you'll never forget it. I'm going to teach you  how to write an introduction that connects to  

play02:01

both your body paragraphs and mirrors your  conclusion paragraph, and I'll show you how  

play02:07

the conclusion paragraph will connect back to  the body paragraphs and mirror the introduction.  

play02:14

Honestly, this essay structure is so simple  and so powerful that you might end up teaching  

play02:19

the class or you can keep it a secret and get  great scores just for yourself, it's up to you.  

play02:25

Feel free to share this video on social media  if you want. Let's now look at each part of the  

play02:30

essay and understand why each paragraph exists.  Paragraph purposes. So a standard essay will have  

play02:40

four parts, an introduction, some body  paragraphs, maybe two, three or more. And  

play02:46

a conclusion. There's actually a very simple  and powerful way to understand the purpose  

play02:51

of each paragraph. In the introduction, you  simply tell the reader what you're going to  

play02:57

tell them and then in your body paragraphs  you tell them. And then in the conclusion,  

play03:05

you tell the reader what you told them. That's  it. That's the purpose of each paragraph.  

play03:13

And it gives you some idea of how it's all  interconnected. Keep it simple and keep it clear.  

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Teachers and examiners hate paragraphs and essays  that lack purpose. You're not writing a novel or a  

play03:25

poem or a biography, you're answering a question  using a specific structure. Make a quick plan.  

play03:34

Just before we start writing, I hate to  tell you, but you do need to make a quick  

play03:39

plan. You should never start writing without  thinking the question through. If you start  

play03:45

writing without planning, you end up deleting  entire sections and wasting heaps of time,  

play03:50

you need to set a direction for your essay. Let's  plan my essay, it will only take a few seconds,  

play03:57

and it's going to relate to yours. So  my essay prompt says, In some countries,  

play04:03

most people prefer to rent their houses rather  than buy their houses. And the question asks,  

play04:10

what is an advantage and a disadvantage of renting  a home? So we need to think for a minute here.  

play04:17

In order to write my essay. I need to come  up with one advantage of renting a house and  

play04:22

one disadvantage of renting a house. That's what  the question asked. So that's what we better do.  

play04:30

Advantage of renting. Well what about; you  can move house when you want. Disadvantage  

play04:38

of renting? Well, it's kind of a waste of  money because you're not paying off the house.

play04:45

That was pretty easy. My tip here is to think the  question through, relax and come up with the main  

play04:53

idea or ideas. If you can identify the most  important idea or ideas, then your essay will come  

play05:00

together and flow much more easily. If you get  stuck on minor ideas, it becomes harder to write.  

play05:07

But cool, I have my main ideas. So I'm now ready  to write my essay. Ready? The introduction.  

play05:16

Alright, so we're going to  write a three part introduction,  

play05:19

not necessarily three sentences, you  can write more sentences if you want,  

play05:23

but there needs to be three parts. First, you  need to write a broad background statement.  

play05:32

Second, you need to rewrite the question  prompt in your own words. Third, you need  

play05:38

to write a thesis statement. Stay with me, this  isn't hard, I'll show you how to write mine.  

play05:45

And you can follow along and copy the same  structure for your essay at the same time.  

play05:51

So number one, the introduction sentence, where  we write a broad background statement. Your  

play05:58

first sentence is very broad, you almost need  to pretend that your teacher or examiner or  

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whoever is going to read your essay has no  idea of what you're writing about. And as such,  

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you need to give them some background information.  You can't just jump straight into your arguments,  

play06:14

you need to set the context. So let's look at my  question prompt. And let me show you a great first  

play06:20

sentence for your essay. In some countries, most  people prefer to rent their houses rather than buy  

play06:28

their houses. Alright, so what's the broad social  context here? Every essay has a social context.  

play06:36

Well, this one is about renting versus buying  houses. So I'm going to write something like:  

play06:43

For some people, the dream of owning a  home is not possible or is unfavourable.  

play06:51

Pretty simple, right? I've written a simple  sentence, it's almost obvious. And yours  

play06:56

needs to be obvious as well. Don't make it  confusing or profound. I've simply written that  

play07:03

some people can't buy a house or don't want to buy  a house. It's actually a great opening sentence.  

play07:09

Remember that essay diagram I showed you earlier?  Let's look at it again. So the introduction  

play07:16

is an upside down pyramid and your first sentence,  the first sentence of the introduction is broad.  

play07:24

Introduction sentence number two, rewrite the  essay prompt in your own words. So the second  

play07:32

sentence of your introduction should simply  rewrite the essay prompt in your own words.  

play07:39

Another way to say this is you need to paraphrase  the essay prompt. So let's do it to mine. Here's  

play07:45

the prompt. In some countries, most people prefer  to rent their houses rather than buy their houses.  

play07:52

Okay, so I'm going to rewrite this essay prompt,  not the question, the prompt the first part.  

play08:00

Mine says, In some countries, many people decide  that renting their home is preferable to buying  

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it. Notice how some words and phrases are  exactly the same. That's fine. Notice how  

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some words are the same, but I've changed  the word forms like prefer and preferable.  

play08:18

And notice that I've used some synonyms, different  words that have very similar or the same meaning.  

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And I've also used a pronoun instead of a noun  there as well. So far, so good. We've started  

play08:29

broad and now we're tightening our essay, we're  focusing in. Your teacher or examiner so far,  

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we'll be super impressed. Who's this wonderful  student they'll ask? Introduction sentence  

play08:42

number three, write your thesis statement,  tell the reader what you will write about.  

play08:49

So a thesis just means an argument or your  position or what you think. Okay, so here we  

play08:56

tell the reader, your teacher or examiner, our  two ideas from our plan. Let me show you mine.  

play09:04

My thesis statement says, In this essay, I  will discuss why renting can allow for a more  

play09:10

flexible lifestyle, but why it can eventually  be financially disadvantageous. Can you see the  

play09:17

two ideas from my plan in here? And can you see  how explicit I'm being, I will discuss or you  

play09:23

can write, I will compare or I will argue, or I  will show and then simply write your two ideas.  

play09:32

Let's now continue on to the body paragraphs. And  remember to subscribe for more videos on English  

play09:38

grammar and vocab that's going to help your  essay writing improve fast. The body paragraphs.

play09:46

So in the introduction, we told the reader what  we'll tell them and now we need to tell them. Your  

play09:52

body paragraphs are where you take the two ideas  from your plan and you write a paragraph about  

play09:58

each of them. This is the meat in your sandwich.  Now your body paragraphs also have a structure.  

play10:06

Each body paragraph will have four parts not  necessarily four sentences, you can write more,  

play10:12

but four underlying parts. First a topic sentence  where you introduce your main idea. Second,  

play10:20

a sentence where you give a reason or an example.  Third, a sentence where you give another reason  

play10:27

or example. And fourth, and finally, a sentence  where you summarise your idea. This is the broad  

play10:35

structure, and you can leave out a reason if  you want to or add two examples. It's up to you.  

play10:41

Let's go through each part of the body  paragraph sentence by sentence now,  

play10:45

so you're 100% Clear. And so your body  paragraph matches up with your introduction.  

play10:53

So remember, in your thesis statement, the third  part of your introduction you said in this essay,  

play11:00

I will. I said in this essay, I will discuss why  renting can allow for a more flexible lifestyle.  

play11:09

I now need to write my paragraph about that.  By doing that we're connecting our introduction  

play11:17

to our body paragraph like this. So here's my  first body paragraph. The main benefit of renting  

play11:25

a house rather than buying one is because you can  move at any time. If you change jobs, for example,  

play11:32

and your new office is far away, then you can rent  a house closer to work, which will save you lots  

play11:37

of time commuting or for whatever reason crime  becomes an issue in your local neighbourhood,  

play11:42

you can pack up your belongings and move.  Clearly there are advantages to renting a home.  

play11:49

Let's unpack it. Here is my topic sentence  where I make it very clear what the paragraph  

play11:56

is about. It's not a mystery story, I make it  explicit. The main benefit of renting a house  

play12:04

rather than buying one is because you can move at  any time. Great. Now I need a reason or an example  

play12:11

to back up that main idea. If you change jobs, for  example, or your new office is far away, then you  

play12:18

can rent a house closer to work, which will save  you lots of time commuting. Now I need another  

play12:25

reason or another example to give my main idea  even more support. Or for whatever reason, crime  

play12:33

becomes an issue in your local neighbourhood,  you can pack up your belongings and move.  

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And finally, I now need to summarise my main  idea in a short little wrap up sentence. Clearly  

play12:46

being able to move is a key advantage of renting.  Can you see how the final wrap up sentence also  

play12:54

connects back to the essay question prompt. It's  very clever. Now for your second body paragraph.  

play13:01

Just repeat that structure again with your second  idea. Simple, powerful. By now you're well on your  

play13:08

way to an a plus or a top score. Now we're going  to put it all together and write a conclusion that  

play13:15

mirrors the introduction and re-iterates the main  ideas mentioned in our body paragraph one and two,  

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the conclusion. The conclusion is simple to  write. You're not writing anything creative,  

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and you're not adding new ideas. In the  conclusion you're simply repeating or  

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reiterating what you've already said. Remember  the paragraph purposes we discussed earlier.  

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In the introduction, you tell the reader what  you will tell them. In your body paragraphs  

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you tell them and in the conclusion,  you tell the reader what you told them.  

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Easy. So our conclusion will have two parts,  not necessarily two sentences, but two parts.  

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In the first part of the conclusion, you will  write, this essay discussed or argued or compared  

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or showed and then you'll express main idea  one and main idea two. And in the second  

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part of your conclusion, you'll give your  opinion. Notice how that first sentence of  

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the conclusion almost perfectly mirrors the final  sentence of the introduction that we saw earlier.  

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The thesis statement of the introduction,  the final sentence of the introduction said  

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in this essay I will and the first sentence  of the conclusion says in this essay I did  

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I argued I discussed I showed. This is how you  create that powerful, coherent and logical flow.

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And the final sentence, the in  my opinion part, that's easy.  

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You just give your opinion. Here's my  conclusion. In this essay, I argue that  

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renting provides greater flexibility while  owning results in greater financial reward.  

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Personally, I prefer to rent so that I can live  a more flexible lifestyle. Can you see how I've  

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repeated my main idea one and my main idea two in  the first sentence of the conclusion? And you can  

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you see how I've given my opinion in the second  sentence to finish the entire essay? Recap.  

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So today, we've learned an essay structure that  you can use for the rest of your life. It works  

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for every essay type, and every question prompt  in any situation. It's powerful, because it's  

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interconnected, and it keeps you on topic. Th e  logic and coherence of this structure is powerful,  

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but you need to practice it. Once you do that,  you can't forget it, it just makes perfect sense.  

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Let's just recap the key concepts one more time.  So in an essay, you need to tell the reader what  

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you will tell them, in the introduction, then you  tell them, in the body paragraphs, then you tell  

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them what you told them in the conclusion. Your  introduction starts broad, paraphrases the essay  

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prompt and finishes with your thesis statement.  This essay will... Your body paragraphs have an  

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opening or topic sentence where you introduce  the main idea, give reasons and examples  

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and then wrap up with a final sentence. Then,  in your conclusion, you mirror your introduction  

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and you write, In this essay I, whatever,  argued disgust showed etc. And you simply  

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finish with your personal opinion. Job done. Cool.  Hopefully that clarifies what an essay is and how  

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to write it. Now you can get started just before  you do that though. Remember to click like on this  

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video, leave a comment and subscribe to this  YouTube channel. My name is Jay See you soon.

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