Brussels my love? Get ready, get set for a major year of elections around the world

euronews
5 Jan 202432:19

Summary

TLDRThe discussion in the transcript revolves around the challenges and prospects of the year 2024, with a particular focus on the European Union. Key topics include the upcoming elections across the globe, the recently negotiated AI Act in the EU, and its potential impact on businesses and AI development. Panelists share their views on the importance of increasing public participation in elections, the need for a more concrete and positive vision for Europe, and the role of AI in shaping the future. The conversation also touches on the potential influence of the US elections on Europe and the world, highlighting the complex and multifaceted nature of current geopolitical dynamics.

Takeaways

  • 🎉 The year 2024 has begun with challenges similar to those of 2023, but with notable differences such as global elections and new regulations on AI.
  • 🗳️ Elections are a key focus for 2024, with two billion voters worldwide, including 400 million Europeans, set to vote in various polls, including the European Parliament election.
  • 🤖 The EU has recently negotiated the AI Act, the world's first comprehensive regulatory framework for artificial intelligence, set to come into effect in two years.
  • 🌐 The AI Act classifies risks associated with AI and prohibits certain high-risk applications, such as social credit scoring and real-time biometric identification in public places.
  • 📈 The Act aims to balance innovation with risk management, ensuring that AI can be used responsibly while fostering technological advancement.
  • 🌟 European citizens express a desire for more happiness, better jobs, and peace in the world, indicating a need for policies that address well-being and quality of life.
  • 🚀 Despite concerns about AI regulation, there is optimism that the EU's approach could become a global model for balancing innovation with ethical considerations.
  • 📊 The EU's focus on mental health and well-being is highlighted as a priority, with calls for more support and resources in these areas.
  • 🌍 The geopolitical landscape continues to evolve, with implications from elections in the US potentially impacting Europe and the world significantly.
  • 🔍 The EU's efforts to increase voter turnout and engagement are emphasized, with strategies such as town halls and addressing local concerns.
  • 🤔 The panelists share their personal goals for 2024, ranging from professional ambitions to personal milestones, reflecting a diverse and optimistic outlook.

Q & A

  • What are some of the major global elections taking place in 2024?

    -In 2024, significant elections are happening across various countries including India, Russia, South Africa, the United States, and the European Parliament elections in Europe.

  • What is the AI Act and when is it expected to come into force?

    -The AI Act is a set of rules developed by the European Union to regulate high-risk AI models and systems. It is expected to come into force in two years after the deal was clinched in December.

  • What are some applications of AI that the AI Act considers too risky to be placed on the market?

    -The AI Act prohibits applications such as social credit scoring, certain forms of predictive policing, and using real-time biometric data to identify people in public places, as they are considered too risky.

  • How does the AI Act categorize AI applications?

    -The AI Act categorizes AI applications based on a classification of risks, identifying which applications are too risky to be placed on the market and those that are considered high-risk but can be regulated.

  • What is the general sentiment towards the AI Act among the panelists?

    -The panelists have mixed views on the AI Act. Some see it as a necessary framework to regulate risky AI applications, while others express concerns about the potential impact on innovation and the competitiveness of European companies.

  • What are some of the challenges the European Union faces in terms of AI development and adoption?

    -The European Union faces challenges such as a lower adoption rate of AI compared to the US and China, a lack of sufficient venture capital, and the need for a more risk-tolerant business environment to foster innovation.

  • What is the 'Brussels effect' mentioned by one of the panelists?

    -The 'Brussels effect' refers to the global influence of EU regulations, where the standards and rules set by the EU often become a benchmark or a model for other countries to follow.

  • What are some of the expectations and wishes for Europe in 2024 according to the panelists?

    -The panelists wish for Europe to focus more on the well-being of its citizens, find a development model and vision for the future, and rebuild its identity with an emphasis on people, planet, and prosperity.

  • How does the AI Act aim to protect against the misuse of AI in sensitive areas?

    -The AI Act aims to protect against misuse by prohibiting certain high-risk AI applications, such as those involving social credit scoring and real-time biometric data in public places, and by regulating other high-risk uses to ensure they are used responsibly.

  • What are the concerns regarding the impact of the AI Act on smaller companies?

    -There are concerns that the AI Act and the upcoming tsunami of regulations might be too challenging for smaller companies to implement, potentially hindering innovation and growth among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

  • How does the panelist, Laura Shields, feel about AI and its role in her work?

    -Laura Shields finds AI helpful in her work, particularly for tasks like generating fake EU regulations for training exercises. However, she expresses discomfort with the AI's tendency to produce false information with confidence.

Outlines

00:00

🎉 Welcome to 2024: A Year of Elections and AI Regulation

The video script opens with a warm welcome to the year 2024 and sets the stage for a year marked by significant global elections and the implementation of the AI Act, the first of its kind. The discussion revolves around the challenges carried over from 2023, the impact of the AI Act on companies developing AI, and the importance of the European Parliament elections. The panel, consisting of notable figures from various sectors, shares their perspectives on the state of democracy, the role of AI in society, and their hopes for a more hopeful and optimistic future.

05:01

🗳️ Voter Turnout and Trust in European Institutions

This paragraph delves into the intricacies of voter turnout across different European countries and the factors influencing voter motivation. It highlights the disparity in turnout rates between countries like Belgium, where voting is compulsory, and Croatia, where turnout was notably low. The conversation touches on the disconnect between EU institutions and citizens, the influence of past scandals, and the role of national issues in shaping voting behavior. The panelists emphasize the need for European parties to offer concrete, positive solutions and the importance of communication strategies that resonate with voters.

10:02

🌿 The Greens and the Left: Facing Challenges in the European Landscape

The paragraph focuses on the challenges faced by the Greens and the Left in Europe, as they struggle to maintain momentum in the political landscape. The discussion includes the need for these groups to connect the cost of living crisis with the green agenda, emphasizing energy security and long-term benefits. The panelists also touch on the cyclical nature of political support and the potential for a resurgence of the Greens in the future. The conversation further explores the relationship between traditional parties and the emergence of new dynamics within the European Parliament.

15:05

📊 Elections, AI, and the Future of European Democracy

This section of the script discusses the impact of upcoming elections on the European political scene, including the potential shifts in power dynamics within the European Parliament. The conversation includes speculations on election outcomes and the influence of external factors such as the US elections on Europe. The panelists also address the importance of adapting to new technologies and the role of AI regulation in safeguarding democratic values. The discussion highlights the need for a strong European response to global challenges and the pursuit of a more inclusive and effective European Union.

20:06

🤖 Regulating AI: Balancing Innovation and Risk Management

The paragraph explores the EU's approach to AI regulation through the AI Act, focusing on the classification of risks and the prohibition of certain high-risk AI applications. The panelists discuss the challenges of regulating a rapidly evolving technology like AI and the importance of striking a balance between innovation and risk management. The conversation includes insights from representatives of major tech companies and the concerns of smaller businesses regarding the implementation of the AI Act. The panelists emphasize the need for an ecosystem of trust and excellence in the European AI landscape.

25:09

🌟 Personal Goals and Wishes for Europe in 2024

In this final paragraph, the panelists share their personal goals and aspirations for the year 2024, as well as their wishes for Europe. Topics range from personal career milestones to the desire for a more peaceful and prosperous world. The discussion highlights the importance of well-being, mental health, and the need for a more compassionate approach to politics. The panelists express their hopes for a Europe that prioritizes the well-being of its citizens and finds a renewed sense of identity and purpose.

Mindmap

Keywords

💡Elections

Elections refer to the process of choosing leaders or representatives through voting. In the context of the video, it highlights the significance of the upcoming global elections, including those in India, Russia, South Africa, the US, and the European Parliament. These events are crucial as they shape the political landscape and influence policy-making.

💡Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial Intelligence refers to the development of computer systems that can perform tasks typically requiring human intelligence, such as speech recognition, decision-making, and language translation. In the video, AI is discussed in relation to the new rules and regulations being implemented by the EU, aiming to manage high-risk AI models and systems.

💡Democracy

Democracy is a form of government in which power is vested in the people, who rule either directly or through freely elected representatives. The video emphasizes the challenges and importance of maintaining and strengthening democratic processes, especially in light of recent crises and the perceived 'on the line' state of democracy.

💡European Union (EU)

The European Union is a political and economic union of 27 member countries that are located primarily in Europe. The EU has its own institutions and exercises legal jurisdiction over its members. In the video, the EU is central to discussions about the upcoming elections, the AI Act, and the future direction of the union.

💡Voter Turnout

Voter turnout refers to the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election. It is an important measure of civic engagement and the health of a democracy. The video script mentions efforts to increase voter turnout in the European Parliament elections and the challenges faced in engaging the electorate.

💡Deep Fakes

Deep fakes are synthetic media in which a person's likeness—face, voice, and speech patterns—are convincingly replaced with someone else's. This technology has raised concerns about misinformation and its potential to disrupt democratic processes. In the video, deep fakes are mentioned as a challenge faced by the political campaign and the need for preparedness and response strategies.

💡Green Agenda

The Green Agenda refers to a set of policies and initiatives aimed at promoting environmental sustainability and combating climate change. In the video, the Green Agenda is discussed in the context of the European political landscape, with the need for the left and green parties to reconnect with voters and effectively communicate the importance of environmental policies.

💡Transparency

Transparency refers to the quality of being open and honest, especially in financial matters, so that the public can scrutinize and understand the actions of institutions or individuals. In the video, transparency is discussed as a critical factor in rebuilding trust between the EU institutions and its citizens.

💡Digital Identity

Digital identity refers to the online representation of a person's identity, often used for authentication and access to digital services. In the video, the concept of a European digital identity is mentioned as a potential future development that could change the way Europeans vote and participate in the democratic process.

💡Well-being

Well-being refers to the state of being comfortable, healthy, and happy. In the video, well-being is emphasized as a central focus for policy-making, with the desire for the European Union to prioritize the well-being of its citizens and address issues such as mental health and quality of life.

Highlights

Happy belated New Year 2024 has arrived, bringing with it the same challenges of 2023.

Bumper elections worldwide, including 400 million European voters, will have their say on the new European Parliament.

EU negotiators have clinched a deal on artificial intelligence known as the AI Act, the first of its kind globally.

The AI Act will come into force in two years, potentially serving as the playbook for the 21st century.

The panel discussion includes key figures such as Di dson, Secretary General of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe, Laura Shields, and Andrea Renda.

The countdown to the elections has begun, with about 150 days left to convince voters.

The importance of voter turnout is emphasized, with strategies to engage and listen to the electorate.

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the war in Ukraine, and the cost of living crisis on people's lives is acknowledged.

The European Parliament elections are seen as a critical point, with all eyes on the 6th to 9th June.

The EU's communication strategy involves organizing Town Halls across Europe to engage with voters.

The issue of trust between Brussels, EU institutions, and citizens is discussed, with the Qatar gate scandal mentioned.

Deep fakes and their potential impact on the election campaign are a concern and a reality that has been experienced.

Predictions for the European Parliament's composition post-elections are made, with conservatives and socialists leading.

The challenge for the Greens and the Left is to regain momentum and link the cost of living crisis to the green agenda.

The Socialists and the European People's Party are not getting along as well as they used to, reflecting a broader divisiveness.

The impact of the US elections on Europe is anticipated, with potential major implications for NATO and Ukraine.

The AI Act focuses on regulating uses and applications of AI, with a list of prohibited AI applications.

The EU's approach to AI regulation is seen as a balance between over-regulation and under-regulation.

The AI Act aims to build a classification of risks and identify applications that are too risky to be placed on the market.

The EU's AI regulations are expected to influence global standards, but challenges in venture capital and talent retention are noted.

The need for an ecosystem of excellence in the EU, including investment and support for startups, is emphasized.

The panel shares personal plans for 2024, focusing on innovation, influence, and the well-being of people.

The importance of peace, better jobs, and health are highlighted as common wishes for the year.

Transcripts

play00:00

[Music]

play00:12

hello there and welcome to Brussels my

play00:15

love yur news's weekly chat show that

play00:17

looks at all the news Brewing here in

play00:19

Brussels I'm mave McMahan thanks for

play00:22

tuning in coming up this week happy

play00:24

belated New Year 2024 has arrived and

play00:28

with it the same challenges of of

play00:30

2023 but what makes this year different

play00:33

bumper elections all across the globe

play00:36

from India to Russia South Africa to the

play00:38

US two billion voters will be heading to

play00:41

the polls including here in Europe when

play00:44

400 million of us will have our say on

play00:46

the new faces making up the European

play00:48

Parliament and after Marathon talks EU

play00:52

negotiators clinched a deal on

play00:54

artificial intelligence recently known

play00:56

as the AI act it would become the first

play00:58

ever ruled book in the world and would

play01:01

come into force in two years we take a

play01:03

closer look at what it could mean for us

play01:06

and for companies developing Ai and

play01:08

check if it really can become the

play01:10

playbook for the 21st century a warm

play01:13

welcome to our panel this weekend di

play01:15

dson Secretary General of the alliance

play01:17

of liberals and democrats for Europe

play01:19

Laura Shields managing director of red

play01:22

thread EU and Andrea render director of

play01:25

research at the think tank here in

play01:26

Brussels seps and also a university

play01:29

professor over in Florence at the eui

play01:31

the European University Institute so

play01:33

here we are in

play01:35

2024 still discussing all the various

play01:38

issues that are on the table are you

play01:39

happy to see this year start I have a

play01:42

countdown clock for where the elections

play01:44

are coming and so uh uh we're about at

play01:46

150 days we passed 150 Mark and I think

play01:49

that is that shows how how soon it is

play01:51

and and that our time to convince is now

play01:53

it's going to be a busy year Laura it's

play01:55

going to be a very busy year and I think

play01:56

that it's really important that whoever

play01:58

is campaigning or whoever is actually

play02:00

going out to talk to the electorate

play02:02

firstly needs to get them to vote

play02:03

because everybody is tired Fed Up and

play02:06

finding life expensive and that they

play02:08

need to offer them something that they

play02:10

can actually be hopeful for rather than

play02:12

just voting for Log Jam which is how

play02:14

people are feeling right now Andrea

play02:16

people are tired Fed Up also anxious

play02:18

with the constant news cycle yeah it's

play02:20

going to be an interesting year um it

play02:23

could go either way uh we have been

play02:25

surprises mostly on the negative side

play02:27

over the past years maybe we get good

play02:29

surprises these year elections are

play02:30

always turning points and so I would not

play02:32

say Europe is at the crossroads because

play02:34

we say it every year Europe is always at

play02:36

the crossroads and also we con for the

play02:38

last eight years we've been told that at

play02:40

every election democracy is on the line

play02:42

and I think that's a really hard sell

play02:43

for people now um even though since in

play02:45

since the last five years since we had

play02:47

the last European elections of course

play02:48

we've had covid we've had the war in

play02:49

Ukraine we've had Gaza we've got

play02:51

inflation cost of living crisis I mean

play02:53

things are very very tough for people

play02:55

right now but I think the Democracy as

play02:57

on the line argument it's going to be

play02:58

very difficult for people to St stach

play03:00

well look as we said there'll be

play03:01

elections all across the globe us India

play03:03

the UK even H Russia as well and Ukraine

play03:06

in March but here in Europe All Eyes Of

play03:08

course will be on those 6th to 9th June

play03:11

European Parliament elections and we

play03:12

spoke to jam Duke that is the

play03:14

spokesperson for the European Parliament

play03:16

and he's sounding pretty confident that

play03:18

people in Europe will be willing to

play03:24

vote in 2019 there was a significant

play03:27

increase in turnout now the polls are

play03:29

tell tell us that the number of people

play03:31

who have already announced that they are

play03:32

interested in voting is also more or

play03:34

less 10 points higher than 5 years ago

play03:37

so indeed I think we have an obligation

play03:39

to be optimistic because the data is

play03:41

good the world has become a much more

play03:43

complicated place than before the new

play03:45

generations have even more problems than

play03:47

previous generations had but in the end

play03:50

that gives even more value to the

play03:52

European

play03:56

project J Duke there speaking now 2019

play03:59

voter turnout was just over 50% 2014 was

play04:28

42.618137 you and elements as we are

play04:31

going to discuss the AI but also uh uh

play04:34

the elements of of of candada states for

play04:36

Ukraine it makes it a bit more

play04:37

operational and but but I raised the

play04:39

stakes still because I always wanted to

play04:41

make sure that there's a higher turnout

play04:43

but now I actually want a higher

play04:45

turnouts but also not just based on fear

play04:47

or on element but also because they

play04:49

actually care so what's your plan then

play04:51

what's your strategy I think our real

play04:53

strategy what we we we pulled we really

play04:55

checked out our voters not only through

play04:58

the traditional but we organize Town

play05:00

Halls You could argue it's a lot it's a

play05:02

little look we we covered in the last

play05:04

year 8 or9 Town Halls all over all over

play05:07

Europe and and what matters there is

play05:09

indeed people want to feel listen even

play05:12

more than to provide answers and that's

play05:14

a good deal because it's quite difficult

play05:15

to offer answers to to everything but at

play05:18

least it's a recognition because we even

play05:20

we feel it uh uh the the risk of and and

play05:23

the difficulties of the energy Bills

play05:25

going up Etc especially in rural Europe

play05:27

people are feeling a little bit left

play05:28

behind a little bit disenchanted

play05:30

especially with the green agenda as well

play05:31

coming coming thick um I just want to

play05:34

touch on the the voter turnout here in

play05:36

Belgium Andrea Rend it was really really

play05:38

high because it's obligatory here to

play05:40

vote but meanwhile over in Croatia it

play05:42

was down at 29.8 that's very few people

play05:45

that went to vote yeah one thing is V

play05:47

turn out and will be very different

play05:49

across countries the other thing is the

play05:52

motivation to vote as you were saying

play05:54

right uh some people will go to vote but

play05:56

to express support for their National

play05:58

political parties with having a clue

play06:00

about what's the agenda for Europe and I

play06:02

think at the moment uh given the level

play06:04

of communication from the EU to the

play06:07

local level uh I think it's still easier

play06:10

for um a citizen of the European Union

play06:14

to go to the ballot to vote against the

play06:16

idea of Europe than to vote for

play06:18

something that is in the program of one

play06:19

of the political parties or coalitions

play06:21

that is pro is uh in support of a

play06:24

stronger Europe and this I think is a

play06:26

problem and I think it's yet another

play06:27

missed opportunity I hope that in six

play06:29

years we will not go back to the vote

play06:31

with the same uh sort of informational

play06:34

asymmetry if you will and Laura of

play06:37

course trust has eroded as well between

play06:39

Brussels the EU institutions and

play06:40

citizens given that Qatar gate that

play06:43

alleged corruption Scandal back in

play06:44

December 20122 well I wonder how much

play06:47

that actually plays in member states I

play06:49

mean I'm always amazed I was talking to

play06:50

a friend of mine who used to be a sort

play06:52

of bureau chief for one of the major

play06:54

newspapers here and he's covered

play06:56

Brussels for 10 years inside and out and

play06:58

the minute he went back to London

play07:00

it was like Brussels didn't exist

play07:01

anymore I think we here get very

play07:03

obsessed by it I think it might

play07:04

penetrate a little bit I don't know how

play07:06

much trust is an issue in there I would

play07:07

actually agree with Andrea here which is

play07:09

I think a lot of the time people vote

play07:10

for National issues or they vote against

play07:13

Europe which is what a lot of these

play07:14

populists offer because the impact of

play07:16

what happens in Brussels is not felt

play07:18

here it's felt elsewhere and people

play07:20

don't really understand it so it's very

play07:22

easy for people to say the EU is a

play07:23

terrible thing and project onto it

play07:25

whatever they want so I think we should

play07:26

expect a lot more of that but I think

play07:28

that if European parties should be

play07:30

offering something that's much more

play07:32

positive but that's also really concrete

play07:34

and I think that's where the EU has

play07:35

historically struggled to communicate

play07:37

it's always the view from 30,000 ft

play07:39

rather than how are you going to help me

play07:41

invest in I don't know a heat pump or

play07:43

solar Ps or insulating my house think

play07:45

concrete that is the word right I mean

play07:46

but there's one reality that's also

play07:48

going to happen is that regardless of of

play07:50

which level of Elections you will have a

play07:52

higher turn out when it's local when

play07:54

it's very easy to say you want a street

play07:55

left right so we have to set Ambitions a

play07:57

bit straight if you compare the voting

play07:59

turnout at EU level at for European

play08:01

elections at the one at local one I I

play08:02

don't think it's a full fair game so the

play08:05

oper because the operational element is

play08:07

much more complex it is a complex

play08:08

element I mean if if you uh uh have a

play08:11

party trick where I can try to explain

play08:12

the Belgian system in 30 seconds but

play08:14

there's no way I can explain Cod

play08:15

decision in 30 seconds do you need to

play08:17

then well if you can explain a belg

play08:19

system in 30 seconds that's already

play08:20

worth of a Noel prize accept now can I

play08:22

say one thing on the on what what you

play08:24

were saying I mean the the the Qatar

play08:26

gate is essentially or largely involv in

play08:29

countries like Italy or Greece and so on

play08:31

so being Italian myself and and reading

play08:33

the the the national press uh I can say

play08:36

this is completely disappeared the

play08:38

attention span of the of the voters is

play08:40

so short that this has left no Trace

play08:42

maybe if something happens uh you know

play08:45

uh in terms of a court decision or or a

play08:47

new development you will find in a page

play08:49

15 of some of the major newspapers or

play08:51

something like deep fakes what if I mean

play08:53

deep fate could play a major role in

play08:54

this campaign is that something that

play08:55

you're prepared for well we we not only

play08:57

were prepared but we re experien it so

play08:59

we had our Slovak elections last year in

play09:01

September 2023 where there was at one

play09:03

point one of our leaders and there was a

play09:05

deep fake audio segment where he said it

play09:07

would increase and as a Belgian increase

play09:08

the price of beer uh so obviously that

play09:11

that made a whole uproar but they

play09:13

managed to find the specialists in the

play09:14

US that managed to show that this was a

play09:16

fake audio fragment and they managed to

play09:18

fight it so not only are we ready for it

play09:20

but we actually experienced it and I

play09:22

think liberals often in the center will

play09:23

be targeted for this and this is why the

play09:25

elements we'll discuss after of of AI

play09:28

regulation is also important for that

play09:30

well let's um now take a look at what

play09:32

the European Parliament could look like

play09:34

after the elections this year now

play09:35

obviously we're speculating but we do

play09:37

have a hint from the brussels-based poll

play09:40

aggregator Europe elect they've already

play09:42

published their first projections you

play09:44

can take a look there the conservatives

play09:46

are predicted to stay up on top followed

play09:48

by the Socialists then renew Europe and

play09:51

Dedrick you're of course the alde

play09:52

party's affiliated with renew Europe and

play09:55

the fourth could be identity and

play09:57

democracy uh the farri group group who

play09:59

tend not to participate that much um in

play10:02

the Daily Business of the European

play10:03

Parliament and often vote against a

play10:05

number of of um of issues if you can see

play10:08

now they have 76 members of the European

play10:10

Parliament ID and are set to have

play10:12

between 81 and 91 and what's really

play10:14

telling from that graph is the greens

play10:17

right down at the bottom there the pile

play10:19

and the left Laura well I think that

play10:22

disappeared I don't think they've just

play10:23

disappeared I think the challenge on it

play10:25

is is that the Europeans the greens and

play10:27

the left don't have the momentum at the

play10:29

moment all the momentum it seems to be

play10:31

with the far right but also even the EP

play10:34

is Dancing with the far right even

play10:36

though they say they're not I mean we

play10:38

really don't know at one level you've

play10:39

got the EP that come out and say oh no

play10:41

we never do deals with the um the far

play10:43

right because we believe in the cord on

play10:45

sanit but then you get these noises and

play10:47

sort of frankly misinformation campaigns

play10:49

around things like the nature

play10:51

restoration law where they're saying you

play10:53

know they're off they're trying to offer

play10:54

a simple solution by saying we're just

play10:56

going to hold back all of this green

play10:58

regulation that's coming from Brussels

play10:59

and I think that what the greens and the

play11:02

left but particularly the greens haven't

play11:04

yet managed to do is they need to lean

play11:05

in and go much harder and Link the cost

play11:07

of living crisis to the green agenda and

play11:10

actually talk about jobs they need to

play11:11

talk about why it's important for Europe

play11:13

to have energy security why pushing

play11:15

pulling back now is not the answer and

play11:17

is not going to be cheaper in the long

play11:18

term from our perspective I think do

play11:21

they have ironically the greens are not

play11:23

always sustainable politically I mean

play11:24

it's often cyclical so I really I really

play11:27

don't like uh I really don't like

play11:29

predictions too much but they really

play11:30

have an element of cycle so I wouldn't

play11:32

be surprised if in five years they come

play11:33

back again very strong but there is an

play11:34

element of some of this is because

play11:37

they're in Coalition in Germany too so

play11:38

they're going to get sumped there that

play11:39

could be that could be the element but

play11:41

there there is a reality is that it's

play11:42

also not a quick fix and so so if you

play11:44

want quick results it's it's not an

play11:46

element where there are quick results so

play11:48

that is a but another issue Andre is

play11:49

we've seen as well the Socialists and

play11:51

the European people's party so the

play11:53

conservatives the traditional groups who

play11:55

normally got on great they're not

play11:56

getting on as well as they were they're

play11:58

not getting on on as well as they were

play12:00

there is also a moment in which even in

play12:02

Brussels the green narrative is not the

play12:04

strongest and so there are many divisive

play12:06

factors at the moment we've heard the

play12:08

State of the Union speech from Ula fion

play12:11

I at some points I thought I was back in

play12:13

early 2000s uh because uh there's

play12:15

emphasis on competitiveness the emphasis

play12:17

of cutting administrative burdens

play12:19

dispositioning as a pretty much as a pro

play12:22

business pro uh say doing business

play12:25

approach that's why she wants to get the

play12:26

job again so she's got to appeal to her

play12:27

own party reates on on the Socialist and

play12:30

Democrats that obviously have a

play12:31

different agenda there it's very

play12:32

divisive in that respect we really have

play12:34

the experience of having to facilitate

play12:36

between two parties that don't cooporate

play12:37

as much so the element of K makers is is

play12:40

something that's really in our DNA was

play12:41

very strong now and we really have uh

play12:45

the green deal they needed our vote so

play12:46

it's a very comfortable position to be

play12:48

and I really hope uh um for us it's

play12:51

really important to keep that that

play12:53

position uh often to to find agreements

play12:56

between the two big political families

play12:58

it's it's an element that we've really

play13:00

the the power we've had during this this

play13:02

this term gives also great

play13:04

responsibility for next one and and

play13:05

obviously dedri the more MEPS you have

play13:08

uh the more power you have the more

play13:09

speaking time you have the more Pricks

play13:11

and the more money you have as well for

play13:12

your messaging so it would be very

play13:14

interesting to see how that goes for the

play13:16

time being J duuk and you met him

play13:18

earlier the spokesperson of the European

play13:19

Parliament he's not too phased about

play13:21

these projections take a

play13:25

listen even these parties that were once

play13:27

practically in of leaving the European

play13:30

Union are now making other types of

play13:32

proposals that do not consist so much of

play13:34

leaving because it's cold outside but

play13:36

rather of trying to adapt the European

play13:38

Union to what they believe it should be

play13:40

I obviously prefer that the European

play13:41

Union not only continues to function as

play13:43

it has done up to now but that if

play13:45

possible it functions better because

play13:47

that is going to benefit us all I

play13:49

believe that in any case the EU will

play13:51

always be an added value never the

play13:56

opposite Jamie Duke there sing pretty

play13:59

pretty relaxed but what's interesting as

play14:01

well we've seen MEPS a lot of them are

play14:03

trying to create one day for us all to

play14:05

vote the Europe day the 9th of May they

play14:08

also want to make it easier for the 11

play14:10

million Europeans that don't necessarily

play14:11

live in the country they were born and

play14:14

don't have such rights to vote I mean

play14:15

there's so much work and perhaps treaty

play14:17

changes that has to be done to make this

play14:19

exciting this election exciting H Laura

play14:22

well I think it's always struggled with

play14:23

that I mean I think people will come out

play14:25

and vote if they know how to and they've

play14:27

got interesting Personalities in there I

play14:30

think part of the I know this is what

play14:31

the EU tried to do with the spits and

play14:33

candidate process but the problem is

play14:34

you're only your candidates are only as

play14:35

good as the ones you get aren't they

play14:37

it's imperfect it's definitely imperfect

play14:39

but the reality is my kids that are now

play14:41

living in Belgium but they're Swedish

play14:43

the reality that they because they live

play14:44

here right now have to vote for a

play14:46

Belgian just doesn't make sense it's not

play14:47

going to last at one point of course we

play14:49

we've been advocating for transist for a

play14:50

long time but the reality is it's going

play14:52

to happen at one point because you're

play14:53

going to get more of this strange

play14:55

situation where just because you happen

play14:56

to be registered somewhere I say that

play14:57

this is the last election without a

play14:59

fully fledged European digital identity

play15:01

and I think perhaps in uh 5 years time

play15:05

there will be uh there will be a

play15:07

different way of voting and

play15:08

personalities you said I mean that's

play15:10

always an interesting one to watch as

play15:11

well we'll see who the big personalities

play15:13

of the next legislator are but look I

play15:15

really have to talk about a major

play15:17

election even though we think the

play15:19

elections here in Europe are huge but

play15:20

actually it's the elections that are

play15:22

taking place in November over in the

play15:24

United States that will have a massive

play15:26

impact on us here in Europe a massive

play15:28

impact on the world and as it stands it

play15:30

looks like two male seniors could be um

play15:33

up for up for that seat and we wanted to

play15:36

find out more about what the mood was

play15:38

now in January over in the United States

play15:40

so we chatted to Alan Abramovich he's a

play15:42

political scientist and author at Emer

play15:44

University in Georgia among Republican

play15:47

voters despite everything that's

play15:49

happened Trump remains very popular and

play15:51

in fact uh the indictments and various

play15:54

attacks on him if anything all these

play15:56

things reinforce the Loyalty of his

play15:59

supporters um and they uh contribute to

play16:02

a perception that he is a victim what we

play16:05

know is that he's planning to surround

play16:07

himself in a second term with uh uh

play16:10

advisers and and and cabinet members who

play16:14

would be uh much more supportive of his

play16:17

authoritarian and anti-democratic goals

play16:20

than officials were during his first

play16:22

term in office Alan Abramovich their

play16:24

political scientist um talking about a

play16:26

potential second um Trump president see

play16:29

despite of course the news before

play16:30

Christmas from a top Court in Colorado I

play16:32

mean this um Trump presidency number two

play16:35

Andrea could have a Major Impact here we

play16:37

could see America pulling out of NATO we

play16:39

could see a change of T in Ukraine well

play16:42

it it's a nightmare and it's impossible

play16:44

to understand from our perspective uh I

play16:46

actually was living in the US when Trump

play16:48

was elected I was a professor Duke uh

play16:50

and so very close to

play16:52

Georgia and um I you see how the belly

play16:57

of of the country the Midwest is is

play16:58

really disenfranchised completely from

play17:00

some some of the of the federal policies

play17:01

and they really see even if you know

play17:04

someone who's far from being

play17:05

representative of what they experience

play17:08

as being a reason to you know to to uh

play17:11

um to vote together to as a protest vote

play17:14

and to support someone irrespective of

play17:16

whether that person has respected the

play17:17

law or not or whether it appears as a

play17:19

good person or not and so sense of

play17:21

concern here in um in Brussels I mean

play17:24

it's obviously speculation but Trump too

play17:27

I mean could have a major impa yeah he

play17:29

could I mean I think sales of Xanax will

play17:30

probably go through the roof if he gets

play17:32

reelected I mean I am not as fatalist

play17:34

and I think we need to be really careful

play17:36

about this it's still you know what 10

play17:37

11 months until the elections and I

play17:39

think it's really important that once he

play17:40

comes into Focus as the candidate you

play17:42

know a lot of Americans don't like the

play17:44

crazy you know I mean and they will make

play17:46

that decision closer to the time and

play17:48

this is not me saying they're going to

play17:49

overlook everything about Biden but I

play17:51

think we need to take this with a pinch

play17:52

of salt on the point about what it could

play17:54

mean for Europe just on NATO actually

play17:56

last week or the week before last the

play17:57

senate pass passed and Congress passed a

play18:00

vote that was basically going to Nato

play18:02

proof or US president proof NATO's um

play18:05

membership so that Donald Trump can't

play18:07

just pull people uh the the us out

play18:10

unilaterally but he can still make life

play18:12

very difficult and it's also a wakeup

play18:13

call here in Europe for that you can't

play18:15

just rely on Uncle Sam for defense no

play18:17

and they shouldn't have to I mean Obama

play18:19

said the same thing he just said it

play18:20

quietly I mean Europe does need to pull

play18:21

its own weight on defense Trump isn't

play18:23

wasn't always wrong he was just

play18:24

Difficult about how he went about doing

play18:26

it and unpleasant and on the two party

play18:28

even made some sense that's not but I

play18:31

think on on it it also shows the

play18:33

complexity of having only two options

play18:34

that's that's my vision as a European

play18:36

but and sometimes I also frustrated

play18:38

having 10 European political parties and

play18:40

coalitions of eight parties in countries

play18:42

like Belgium but but the reality is it

play18:44

gives it gives more Nuance more repres

play18:47

public Choice than than uh and just very

play18:49

briefly we're running out of time but

play18:50

elections um on the 17th of March I

play18:52

believe in Russia at the end of um March

play18:54

in Ukraine interesting times very

play18:57

interesting times we'll see what Happ

play18:58

happens the problem in Ukraine at the

play18:59

moment is uh even bigger than the

play19:02

problem of Elections is getting support

play19:03

now there is a a prospect of having some

play19:07

15 million people needing humanitarian

play19:09

Aid in Ukraine uh next year so even

play19:11

before the elections the thing is

play19:13

getting getting support not only in

play19:15

terms of material support weapons and so

play19:17

on but also the money that is being

play19:19

blocked and I think this is a very bad

play19:21

dark page in the history of the European

play19:23

Union at the moment having someone that

play19:25

is really standing against providing

play19:27

support to Ukraine well we will keep an

play19:29

eye on all those elections it would be a

play19:30

fascinating uh year for us here at Euro

play19:32

news reporting on all those elections

play19:34

and hearing of course how they impact us

play19:35

here in Europe but it's time now to take

play19:38

a very short break afterwards we'll be

play19:40

taking a look at if it's possible to

play19:42

regulate AI see you

play19:45

[Music]

play19:51

soon welcome back to Brussels my love

play19:54

with me mave McMahon now it's 2024 and

play19:58

although as you've seen we cannot

play19:59

predict election outcomes we can be sure

play20:02

of one thing and that is that AI will

play20:04

evolve at the speed of light this year

play20:06

and become more and more part of our

play20:08

lives in order to get ahead the EU has

play20:10

got a plan up its sleeve a deal was

play20:13

sealed in December on new rules to

play20:15

regulate high-risk AI models and systems

play20:18

including a list of where I AI is

play20:20

prohibited of course the devil is in the

play20:22

details Andrea I mean you've followed

play20:24

these negotiations extremely closely can

play20:27

you elaborate more on this deal what

play20:29

exactly was reached well the first

play20:31

important question is asking whether AI

play20:33

can be regulated at all and there's many

play20:35

people that would say no it cannot be

play20:36

regulated it goes too fast it's too

play20:39

pervasive it's too multifaceted and

play20:41

indeed the answer from the EU is uh

play20:44

largely no we're not regulating AI we're

play20:46

regulating uses and applications of AI

play20:49

with one exception that I will explain

play20:50

in a second so the idea of the AI Act is

play20:53

to build a classification of risks and

play20:55

we're building uh identifying

play20:57

applications that are too risky to be

play20:59

placed on the market and so these are

play21:01

simply prohibited meaning we don't know

play21:03

how to mitigate the risks in a

play21:05

sufficient way so social credit scoring

play21:08

or uh uh pred certain forms of

play21:11

predictive policing or using a realtime

play21:14

uh biometric data to identify people in

play21:16

public places all these are largely

play21:18

falling in that category um there are

play21:21

other uh applications that have been

play21:23

pre-identified but hopefully the list

play21:25

will have to evolve over time which are

play21:26

considered to be highrisk and by are

play21:28

regulated and because of course it'll

play21:31

take time as well for this to be

play21:32

actually come into force and dedri your

play21:34

political party are they in favor of

play21:37

this deal that was sealed because

play21:38

obviously you're probably thinking about

play21:39

companies as well and trying to get it

play21:41

right for them well we've been very

play21:42

proactive on this so it was under eura

play21:44

andon so this is an element that is a

play21:46

compromise it is imperfect but it has

play21:49

the elements of guaranteeing both the

play21:50

freedoms uh uh to still be able to use

play21:53

AI obviously in the field I think what

play21:55

made it successful is indeed as you

play21:57

rightfully point out is to reput some

play21:58

Risky Business AI in medical elements uh

play22:01

is something you have to be careful in

play22:03

policing is something be careful and

play22:05

there I think the frame is very good to

play22:06

basically said look if it's human

play22:07

trafficking if it's a questions of

play22:09

terrorism then there is a way to use it

play22:11

but we managed to protect from the

play22:14

Chinese point system and that is there

play22:16

so there are it's imperfect it is a

play22:19

compromise but I think the elements that

play22:20

we are do you know how we usually joke

play22:22

around here in Brussels about saying EU

play22:24

invents uh China copies EU regulates

play22:27

it's not really a joke anymore because

play22:28

we sometimes regulations goes a bit too

play22:30

far but this is one example where we put

play22:31

set frames uh with the info we have now

play22:35

uh so we don't exaggerating over

play22:36

regulating but we also don't leave it

play22:38

fully free and manage to protect the fre

play22:40

it's called the Brussels effect right

play22:41

yeah but I have an objection to that but

play22:43

uh okay we'll hear it but let's just

play22:45

hear briefly from Laura your take on

play22:47

this and AI in general I mean what do

play22:50

you think of it do you use it and how do

play22:51

you feel when you hear the likes of Elon

play22:53

Musk say it will steal all our jobs I

play22:55

don't pay attention to anything Elon

play22:56

Musk says for anymore or ever in fact uh

play22:59

what do I do I do use it I find it

play23:01

really helpful for um supporting me on

play23:03

my job because I get it to write me fake

play23:05

EU regulations for training exercises

play23:07

although you you do have to prompt it to

play23:09

be way more jargony in order to get it

play23:11

right where I'm really uncomfortable

play23:14

with it is with the hallucinations so

play23:15

where it actually projects stuff in a

play23:17

really confident way that turns out to

play23:19

be completely false so for example I

play23:20

ched a panel a couple of weeks ago I

play23:22

asked it to help me with some questions

play23:24

I asked it to find me some quotes that

play23:25

people had not chat GPT it was one of

play23:27

the search engines and I asked it to

play23:30

have find me some quotes from people who

play23:31

were going to be on those panels to see

play23:32

what they' said and the links to the

play23:34

sources and it made them up three of the

play23:36

four guests it completely made them up

play23:38

and it was really confident yeah it

play23:39

doesn't have that information yet I

play23:40

definitely rely on my questions for now

play23:42

better than AI exactly the point it's

play23:44

great but you have to know what you're

play23:45

using with it and what the liit to get

play23:47

to know us better um but I would I also

play23:49

wanted to hear what big companies um

play23:50

feel about this AI act like Amazon meta

play23:53

Tik Tok Google um so we caught up with

play23:56

their representative here in Brussels

play23:58

that Cecilia bonel she's the head of

play24:00

digital Europe there is two sides of the

play24:02

point h of course it's always very

play24:05

positive when the EU has one regulation

play24:07

instead of 27 we are very happy with the

play24:10

risk-based approach and with regulating

play24:12

the uses of Technology not the

play24:15

technology itself we are far far behind

play24:17

in Europe on AI uh we have around 8% of

play24:21

our companies that uses and have adopted

play24:23

AI if you look at us they're around 50%

play24:27

and if you look at China it's around 70%

play24:30

in fact I think it's going to make it

play24:32

much harder uh we have a zunami of

play24:34

Regulation coming our way and when that

play24:37

hits the smaller companies it's G they

play24:39

are going to struggle to

play24:40

implement Cecilia bonial there um from

play24:43

digital Europe that also May represents

play24:46

45,000 digital smmes she's worried about

play24:49

that tsunami of legislation well that's

play24:52

not just the AI act right there's been

play24:53

so much legislation DSA dma data act

play24:56

data governance act that can go on for

play24:58

on our way in Cas our viewers Brussels

play25:01

my love but that said um my opinion is

play25:04

that the EU should have closed the AI

play25:06

act before and that it has experienced

play25:08

this year sort of a fomo a fear of

play25:10

missing out why because as AI continues

play25:13

to evolve you have the temptation to

play25:15

reopen the dosier and write an

play25:17

additional piece and so on so I think

play25:19

it's been a bit complicated that's one

play25:21

thing the second thing is uh the

play25:23

commission had promised to develop both

play25:26

an ecosystem of Trust on a

play25:28

uh which is largely the legislation and

play25:30

the standards that come with it but also

play25:31

an next system of Excellence which comes

play25:33

with investment and so on and then we

play25:35

look at it at the moment the ecosystem

play25:37

of Excellence is simply not there

play25:38

looking for example at Venture Capital

play25:41

uh at the moment in recent calculations

play25:43

we published a paper ATS on this uh 61%

play25:46

of venture capital in the world goes to

play25:47

the US 177% goes to China 6% goes to the

play25:51

EU uh and despite the fact that we at

play25:54

the moment form and prepare uh even more

play25:58

leading AI scientists than the US and so

play26:02

there is at least something to start

play26:04

from meaning we have the talent but the

play26:06

talent goes elsewhere but it's unlikely

play26:08

it become the global Playbook I mean we

play26:09

see the UK have their own executive

play26:11

order on AI we saw the UK as well before

play26:13

Christmas had their big Summit on AI I

play26:15

mean the race to regulate is on there's

play26:18

a trivial proceed question in the EU

play26:20

bubble is who killed the European

play26:22

Amazons the European Facebook the and

play26:24

and and there's a lot of theories about

play26:26

it definitely the fact that it's easier

play26:27

to go to a market with uh with with

play26:29

single rules for 400 million whereas

play26:32

there are still some fragmented elements

play26:34

there I think it's a combination of

play26:36

everything but indeed not we have some

play26:39

good example there's there Spotify

play26:41

there's Skype even though B over but but

play26:43

it's still should be one priority to to

play26:45

Really analyze and see what do we do

play26:46

wrong final Point well it needs to be

play26:48

easier to fail in Europe as well you

play26:51

know I mean I'm not I'm not a big fan of

play26:52

Serial failing companies that just keep

play26:54

resurrecting themselves with CEOs who

play26:56

then end up in jail which is what you

play26:57

get in the US but I do think it needs to

play26:59

be easier for people to take risks here

play27:00

in business terms and I don't know if

play27:02

that's necessarily an EU thing or if

play27:04

it's a national thing but it seems there

play27:06

also a cultural thing this sense of

play27:07

shame but we'll get back to that topic

play27:09

another time because I'm afraid we're

play27:10

out of time unfortunately because that

play27:11

is a fascinating H discussion that we

play27:13

will as I promise get back to but thank

play27:15

you so much to our panel for being with

play27:17

us and thank you so much for watching

play27:19

stay with us here on EUR news and for

play27:20

more news on anything you've heard today

play27:22

check out yours.com

play27:25

[Music]

play27:32

welcome back to Brussels my love I'm ma

play27:35

McMahan and along with our panel dri

play27:37

deeton Andrea Renda and Laura Shields

play27:39

we're taking a look ahead to this year

play27:42

to 2024 so let's get to know our

play27:44

panelists a little bit more and ask them

play27:46

what your personal plans are for this

play27:47

year and of course your wishes for

play27:50

Europe Andrea well I just took over as

play27:52

director of seps director of research at

play27:54

seps is the oldest and largest T tank in

play27:56

town I have a very ambitious plan to uh

play27:59

make it even more Innovative more

play28:01

influential and impactful uh without a

play28:04

you know predefined agenda but really to

play28:06

go for evidence-based high quality

play28:08

policy advice and involving as many

play28:11

stakeholders as possible so that's my my

play28:12

personal workaholic here around the

play28:14

table what about you dedri well you're

play28:17

going to think it's about about work too

play28:18

but you know I'll be on a stage in

play28:20

Eurovision uh uh and that is because it

play28:22

will be the Eurovision debate between

play28:24

the lead candidat for presidency of the

play28:25

commission but if I want to for my kids

play28:28

they definitely would like me to get

play28:29

some tickets for the Eurovision music

play28:31

contest in Malmo instead so that could

play28:33

be one objective to wonderful and we

play28:34

cover that here on your news it's a

play28:35

great event Laura I'm going to promise

play28:38

to finish no I'm going to finish the

play28:40

book that I've been writing for two and

play28:41

a half years that has been hanging

play28:42

around my net like an Alber TR and I'm

play28:44

going to finally get it done and I

play28:45

saying that on TV wonderful you've said

play28:47

it here first we will keep an eye on

play28:49

that well of course we wanted to find

play28:51

out as well what people across the

play28:52

streets of Europe um are feeling and

play28:55

hoping that this year will bring so we

play28:56

sent your news reporters to the streets

play28:58

of Rome Athens and

play29:02

Budapest I want to see people smile more

play29:04

come on everyone should be smiling more

play29:06

often and people should be more happy in

play29:08

general we were born to be happy my baby

play29:11

will be born in February it would be

play29:13

nice if he could arrive in a more

play29:14

peaceful

play29:16

world better salaries and more jobs for

play29:19

young people I don't have any

play29:20

expectations for 2024 things will get

play29:25

worse we are working for hours a day we

play29:28

work ourselves to death to get zero in

play29:30

the

play29:33

end I hope that things will get better

play29:35

for everyone labor and socially mostly I

play29:38

think this year is going to be a tough

play29:39

transitioning Year many things are

play29:44

changing I want to start my business I

play29:47

want to buy an apartment but I'm a long

play29:48

way from that with a positive mindset

play29:51

everything will be

play29:52

okay and a big thanks to our teams in

play29:55

Greece Italy and Hungary for Gathering

play29:57

all all those uh views I mean there's a

play30:00

bit of a threat of discontentment there

play30:02

no it's funny because people want

play30:04

optimism but you feel that there's also

play30:06

fear and there's also and it's a reality

play30:08

I think we feel it all it's there's so

play30:10

many conflicts around the world right

play30:11

now that affect us directly and and I

play30:15

think it is now fair and it's not a Miss

play30:16

Universe comments to say that we want

play30:18

peace because I think we really do want

play30:20

peace uh but and and and I am in a way

play30:24

proud of some of of of people of my

play30:26

political family what they to try to

play30:27

achieve peace in in some elements but

play30:29

this is something where I think it is

play30:31

fair to want world peace now and and to

play30:34

to contribute to it better jobs better

play30:37

pay health was an issue as well that

play30:39

came up a lot and we didn't have time to

play30:40

play all the clips absolutely but uh

play30:43

wellbeing in particular will have to be

play30:45

at the center and the Forefront even of

play30:46

you policy going forward it is currently

play30:48

not really at the Forefront so my wish

play30:51

for Europe this year is to rebuild and

play30:55

and find again its identity meaning a a

play30:58

development model and a vision for the

play31:00

future that is really uh focusing on the

play31:03

well-being of people and more generally

play31:05

on people planet and prosperity rather

play31:07

than competitiveness Laura well I would

play31:09

agree on that point with Andrea actually

play31:11

and it's it was heartening that the

play31:13

European commission brought out its

play31:14

mental health communication um earlier

play31:16

this year but they need to do a lot more

play31:17

work on that I have a personal and

play31:19

family uh history in that area and I

play31:21

think that on the well-being point a lot

play31:23

more time spent on how to help people

play31:25

cope with the challenges of the modern

play31:26

world would be something that would be

play31:28

really important less Macho politics

play31:30

please less Macho politics and on Mental

play31:33

Health I'm sure every family in Europe

play31:34

has a personal story on that so that is

play31:36

an issue that really needs to be

play31:37

addressed and that we would love to as

play31:39

well revisit here on Brussels and my

play31:41

love but for now it is time just to say

play31:43

a big thank you to dedri deeton Andrea

play31:46

Renda and Laura shields for being our

play31:48

guests on this New Year's special thank

play31:50

you so much to you all and have a great

play31:51

New Year um and thank you so much for

play31:53

watching as always if you have any

play31:55

comments for us or messages or stories

play31:58

that you want us to explore please reach

play31:59

out our email address is Brussels my

play32:02

love euronews.com you can also find us

play32:04

on Instagram and Linkedin as you know we

play32:07

love hearing from you take care and see

play32:09

you soon here on Euro

play32:12

[Music]

play32:18

News

Rate This

5.0 / 5 (0 votes)

Related Tags
Global ElectionsEU AI ActPolitical LandscapeSocial Well-beingTechnological AdvancementsEconomic ChallengesEuropean IdentitySecurity ConcernsCultural ShiftsInnovation and Regulation