AI Music, simply explained (feat. Grimes and Spotify's CEO)

Cleo Abram
23 Oct 202314:24

TLDRThis video explores the transformative impact of AI on music, featuring insights from artist Grimes and Spotify's CEO. It delves into AI's potential to create new music, generate lyrics, and even clone voices, sparking debates about the future of music and artists' rights. The discussion highlights both opportunities and risks, such as the potential for AI to bridge the gap between creativity and technical skill, and the legal implications of AI-generated content. The video aims to unpack the complex and controversial topic of AI in music, examining how it might change the industry and artist compensation.


  • 🎵 AI voice cloning technology can replicate famous voices, such as Frank Sinatra or Johnny Cash, to sing modern songs.
  • 🚀 AI music is evolving rapidly, enabling the creation of new songs, lyrics, and melodies in seconds, potentially revolutionizing the music industry.
  • 💸 There are concerns that AI could disrupt the traditional ways musicians make money and create art, but if managed correctly, it could also enhance human expression.
  • 🤔 The debate over AI music involves complex questions about what AI can do and how artists should be compensated in an AI-dominated landscape.
  • 🎶 AI can help bridge the 'gap' between the perfect idea in one's head and the final, often less perfect, creative output by reducing the technical skill required.
  • 👩‍💼 Grimes, a forward-thinking artist, is embracing AI by allowing her voice to be cloned and used by others, with the intention of splitting the profits.
  • 🤖 AI tools like ChatGPT and Google's MusicLM are already being used by artists to generate lyrics and melodies, blurring the lines between human and AI creation.
  • 📉 Some artists are skeptical about AI's role in music, fearing it could diminish the importance of human creativity and the personal touch in music composition.
  • 💰 The music industry has established rules for compensation, but the advent of AI raises questions about how these rules apply when AI is used in the creative process.
  • 📝 Copyright law is complex, and disputes often arise over what constitutes inspiration versus copying, which becomes even more complicated when AI is involved.
  • 🌐 As AI becomes more autonomous in music creation, it raises existential questions about the nature of creativity, ownership, and the essence of what it means to be an artist.

Q & A

  • What is the potential impact of AI music on the music industry?

    -AI music has the potential to revolutionize the music industry by enabling the creation of new songs, collaborations, and melodies quickly. However, it also raises concerns about the future of human musicians, their income, and the need for new compensation models for creators in an AI-driven music landscape.

  • How does AI voice cloning work, and what are its implications for artists?

    -AI voice cloning involves creating a synthetic version of an artist's voice, allowing anyone to sing or speak in that voice. While this technology can be used for creative purposes, it also raises ethical and legal issues regarding consent, copyright, and the use of an artist's likeness without permission.

  • What does Grimes think about AI-generated music and voice cloning?

    -Grimes is supportive of AI-generated music and voice cloning. She has even released a tool called Elf Tech that allows users to change their voice to hers and has plans to release an AI album made by others using her voice.

  • How does the music industry currently handle compensation for artists?

    -The music industry has established rules for compensating artists based on how their work is used, such as sampling, interpolation, and covering. These rules determine whether an artist is paid and how much they receive.

  • What are the legal challenges that AI music might face?

    -AI music could face legal challenges related to copyright law, particularly concerning the line between inspiration and copying. There are ongoing lawsuits that may shape how AI-generated music is treated under current copyright systems.

  • How does AI technology help bridge the 'gap' in music creation?

    -AI technology can help reduce the technical skill required to express creativity in music, thus narrowing the gap between the idea in one's head and the final product. This allows more people to create music, potentially leading to a greater diversity of music.

  • What are the different ways AI can be used in music creation?

    -AI can be used to generate lyrics, create new melodies, clone voices, and even produce entire songs. It can also be used to train AI systems on existing music to create new, original compositions.

  • How does the CEO of Spotify view the role of AI in music creation?

    -The CEO of Spotify is focused on the output of AI-generated music, emphasizing the importance of creating new intellectual property rather than works that are confusingly similar to existing artists' creations. He also acknowledges the ongoing debate about the use of AI in music.

  • What is the controversy surrounding AI music and artist consent?

    -The controversy lies in the use of AI to create music without the original artist's consent, particularly in voice cloning and generating music in the style of a specific artist. This raises questions about artistic integrity, consent, and the potential misuse of an artist's identity.

  • How does AI music fit into the current music industry system?

    -AI music fits into the current system by adhering to established rules for inspiration and copying. If AI-generated music is used in a way that resembles sampling, interpolation, or covering, the original artist is still compensated according to industry standards.

  • What are the existential questions raised by AI music?

    -AI music raises questions about the nature of human expression in music and whether the source of the music (AI vs. human) matters to the listener's experience. It also prompts discussions on the ownership of intellectual property and the definition of a 'creator' in the context of AI-generated works.



🎤 AI and the Future of Music Creation

The first paragraph introduces the concept of AI music, explaining how AI voice cloning can mimic famous artists like Frank Sinatra or Johnny Cash singing modern songs. It discusses the broader implications of AI in music, such as generating lyrics or melodies quickly, and the potential impact on the music industry. The paragraph also raises concerns about the future of musicians' livelihoods and the importance of understanding the current music industry dynamics in light of AI's influence.


🤔 The Ethical and Legal Challenges of AI Music

The second paragraph delves into the ethical and legal challenges posed by AI music. It discusses the potential for AI to infringe on copyright laws and the nervousness it induces in the music industry. The paragraph outlines the current rules for compensating artists and the debate over whether AI's role in music creation fits within these existing frameworks. It also explores the nuances of music inspiration versus copying and the complexities of the copyright system, including examples of legal battles over song similarities.


🧐 The Role of AI as a Tool for Human Expression

The third paragraph contemplates the existential questions raised by AI's role in music. It questions whether artists should be compensated when AI is trained on their music and whether this constitutes inspiration or copying. The paragraph discusses the ongoing debate and legal battles that may shape the future of music rights and royalties. It also ponders the philosophical aspect of music as a form of human expression and the potential for AI to unlock more human creativity, rather than replacing it.



💡AI Music

AI Music refers to the use of artificial intelligence to create, generate, or assist in the production of music. In the video, AI music is portrayed as a rapidly evolving field that allows for the creation of new songs, fake collaborations, and the generation of lyrics or melodies in seconds. It's a central theme as it discusses the potential of AI to revolutionize music creation and the concerns it raises for the music industry.

💡Voice Cloning

Voice cloning is a technology that replicates a specific person's voice, allowing it to be used to sing or speak in a way that mimics the original voice. The video mentions how AI voice clones can make it seem as if famous singers like Frank Sinatra or Johnny Cash are performing modern songs, which raises questions about authenticity and copyright.

💡AI Generated Music

AI Generated Music is music that is composed or produced by artificial intelligence without direct human intervention. The video discusses how this technology can create an overwhelming amount of music and how it might impact the livelihood of human musicians. It also touches on the potential for AI to democratize music creation by reducing the technical skill required to produce music.

💡Copyright Law

Copyright law is a body of laws that grant creators of original works exclusive rights to their creations. In the context of the video, copyright law becomes complex when AI is used to generate music, as it raises questions about who owns the rights to AI-created works and how artists should be compensated for their influence on AI systems.

💡Music Industry

The music industry refers to the businesses involved in the production, distribution, and sale of music. The video explores how AI music could disrupt the music industry, affecting everything from how music is created to how artists are compensated. It also discusses the potential for AI to change the dynamics of the industry by allowing more people to create music.

💡Artist Compensation

Artist compensation refers to the financial rewards that artists receive for their work. The video raises concerns about how AI-generated music might affect artists' ability to earn money from their creations. It also discusses the need for a system to fairly compensate artists when AI is used in music production.

💡Human Creativity

Human creativity is the ability to create or invent something that is new and valuable. The video argues that AI can be a tool to enhance human creativity by reducing the technical barriers to music production. It suggests that AI can help bridge the gap between the idea in one's head and the final creative output.

💡AI Tools

AI tools are software applications that use artificial intelligence to perform tasks. In the video, AI tools like ChatGPT and Google's MusicLM are mentioned as examples of technology that can generate lyrics or melodies, which can then be used by artists in their music creation process.


Grimes is a musician and artist who is featured in the video discussing her views on AI music and voice cloning. She is highlighted as an example of an artist who has embraced AI technology by creating a tool called Elf Tech, which allows users to clone her voice, and by planning to release an album made by AI.

💡Spotify's CEO

The CEO of Spotify is mentioned in the video as a key figure in the discussion about AI music. As the head of a major music streaming platform, his perspective on AI's impact on music creation and distribution is significant. The video suggests that Spotify, under his leadership, is at the forefront of navigating the changes brought by AI music.

💡Data Brokers

Data brokers are companies that collect and sell personal information about individuals. While not directly related to AI music, the video briefly touches on the issue of data privacy and how data brokers can create 'shadow profiles' of individuals. This serves as a reminder of the importance of data ethics in the age of AI, where vast amounts of data can be used to train AI systems.


AI voice cloning technology allows for the creation of songs that sound as though they are performed by famous artists who never actually sang them.

AI music generation is rapidly evolving, enabling the creation of new songs, lyrics, and melodies in seconds.

There are concerns that AI could potentially lead to the 'death of music' by disrupting the traditional music industry.

The proper use of AI in music has the potential to leap ahead in human self-expression.

AI music raises questions about the future of compensation for artists and the value of human creativity.

Grimes and the CEO of Spotify discuss the implications of AI music on the industry and its stakeholders.

AI music can be categorized into different levels of use, such as style imitation, voice cloning, and AI training on existing music.

AI has the potential to reduce the technical gap between an artist's vision and their ability to create it.

AI is viewed as a new tool for artists, similar to how the computer was for musicians like Avicii.

Artists like Grimes are exploring AI for creative purposes, including the release of AI-assisted albums.

There is debate among artists about the ethical use of AI, particularly concerning voice cloning and consent.

The music industry's current rules on inspiration versus copying will likely influence how AI-generated music is treated legally.

AI-generated music that sounds similar to an original piece may require compensation to the original artist, even if AI was used in the creation process.

The line between inspiration and copying is blurred, especially when AI is involved in the music creation process.

Ongoing lawsuits and legal debates will shape the future of AI in music, particularly regarding artist compensation and copyright.

Spotify's CEO emphasizes the importance of the final output of AI-generated music, rather than the tools used to create it.

The existential question arises: does it matter if AI creates music that evokes human emotion, even if it's not a human creator?

AI has the potential to unlock musical creativity in people who may not have realized they had a talent for it.

The future of AI in music is complex and still unfolding, with many legal and ethical considerations to be addressed.